Before the procedure
You may receive general anesthesia before this surgery. This means you will be unconscious and unable to feel pain. You may have spinal or epidural anesthesia. In this kind of anesthesia, medicine is put into your back to make you numb below your waist.
After you receive anesthesia, your surgeon will make a surgical cut to open up your hip joint. Often this cut is over the buttocks. Then your surgeon will:
- Remove the head of your thigh bone.
- Clean out your hip socket and remove the remaining cartilage and damaged or arthritic bone.
- Put the new hip socket in place, then insert the metal stem into your thigh bone.
- Secure all the new parts in place, sometimes with special cement.
- Place a liner and ball that fit your body in the artificial joint.
- Repair the muscles and tendons around the new joint.
- Close the surgical cut.
This surgery usually takes 1 to 3 hours.
Recovery and Results
Hip replacement surgery results are usually excellent. Most or all of your pain and stiffness should go away.
Some people may have problems with infection, loosening, or even dislocation of the new hip joint.
Over time — sometimes as long as 15 – 20 years — the artificial hip joint will loosen. You may need a second replacement.
Younger, more active people may wear out parts of their new hip. It may need to be replaced before the artificial hip loosens.
Recommended stay is 12 to 14 days